Freshwater Fishing Hooks

Points on a Fish Hook

The sharp end of the hook that penetrates the fish’s mouth or flesh. Hook point types include a spear point (standard used for lots of applications), knife edge (for huge game fish), needle point (for fast and simple penetration), and curved or “beak” point (for little artificial flies and cut baits for catfish).

Barbs on Fishing Hooks

A sharp forecast pointing backwards from the hook point. The holding power of the hook is enhanced once the hook permeates into the fish’s flesh past the barb. Considering that it is angled far from the point, the barb makes it challenging for fish to dislodge the hook after penetration.

Fishing Hook Eyes

Fishing line or a leader is connected to the hook eye, which is a ring, hole or loop at the end of the shank. Typical types include ringed (common type for general use), brazed (for big-game hooks), tapered (dry flies), looped (salmon damp flies) and needle, (natural baits).

Bend, Shank and Shape of Fishing Hooks

The hook bend is the curved area extending from the hook barb to the hook shank, which is the long part of the hook extending to the hook eye. Common hook shank shapes are directly, curved (for fly hooks) and sliced (barbs on the shank to hold natural baits better).

Fishing Hook Sizes

Freshwater hook sizes are based upon a small hook size of no. Hook sizes with numbers followed by zero (such as 2/0, 3/0, 4/0, and so on) increase in size with greater numbers. Hook sizes not followed by absolutely no (numbers 1,2,3,4, etc.) decline in size with greater numbers.

Fishing Hook Types and Names

Hook types differ fit, products, points and barbs and eye types. Typical types are Aberdeen (round bend and large gap for live bait), Sproat (round bend used for damp flies, soft hackles and bass hooks), O’Shaughnessy (heavy wire with round bend and kipped down point for all round fishing).

Single, Double and Treble Fishing Hooks

Single hooks have a single eye, shank and point for live bait and soft plastic lures. Double hooks have one eye with two shanks and points for fly fishing, and a treble hook merges one eye with 3 shanks and three evenly spaced points for various plugs and bait applications.

Circle Fishing Hooks

A fish hook created with the point turned perpendicular to the shank to form a circle shape. The circle hook is a popular live bait choice due to the fact that it only latches onto an exposed surface area such as the corner of a fish’s mouth and prevents the fish from swallowing the bait leading to a “gut hook” which can hurt fish.

Typical Fly Fishing Hook Shapes and Names

Fly fishing hooks consist of a sproat, a general purpose hook for wet and dry flies; design ideal for streamers; nymph bend for bead-type flies; scud shape for scuds, emerging caddis, bead flies and freshwater shrimp; York bend for stoneflies and large nymphs; and egg for egg fly patterns.