Freshwater Fish: White Perch

White Perch

Morone americana

  • Distinguishing Markings:

White perch are silvery and regularly have irregular dusky longitudinal lines along its body. They have a slightly predicting lower jaw and little teeth. Their dorsal fins are different and their anal fin has 3 strong spinal columns.

  • Size:

White perch might reach a fully grown length of 19 inches but are more commonly found around 7 to 10 inches, weighing from 8 ounces to 1 pound.

  • Distribution:

White perch variety from Nova Scotia to South Carolina, however are most abundant from the Hudson River to Chesapeake Bay.

  • Environment:

White perch are semi-anadromous, migrating to tidal fresh and somewhat brackish waters each spring to spawn. They have actually been stocked into freshwater impoundments, ponds, and lakes. Grownups tend to populate open waters close to coast, but might likewise frequent peaceful streams well up into the tributaries from March – November. During the cold weather, they can be found in downstream portions of the tributaries and deeper channel areas.

  • Food Preference:

White perch are bottom-oriented fish and predaceous carnivores whose diet consists of crabs, shrimp, and little fishes. Juveniles eat water bugs and small crustaceans.

  • Spawning:

White perch spawn from April through June in fresh to low-salinity waters of big rivers over great gravel or sand. Women produce from 50,000 to 150,000 eggs and do not launch them all at once; ovulation may take place over a period of 10-21 days. Private women are surrounded by several males and eggs and sperm are spread out arbitrarily. Eggs normally hatch from 1 to 6 days after fertilization, and juveniles use inshore areas of estuaries and creeks downstream of their spawning area during the first summertime and fall. Males are normally fully grown by age 2 and women, by age 3. These fish typically live 9 to Ten Years.

  • Fishing Tips:

White perch are an important recreational species and are thought about a scrumptious game fish that can be taken with almost all types of fishing equipment, from shore, and from boats because they are widely dispersed amongst a range of environments, including inshore waters. Still fishing with natural baits is especially efficient. Catches are greatest during the spring generating season and from September through November.