The northern pike is a holarctic types, suggesting that it takes place around the globe in northern, or Arctic waters.
How to Identify a Northern Pike
Like the muskellungeand the pickerels, it is a long, sleek, predatory fish with a broad, flat mouth resembling a duck’s expense and a single dorsal fin situated on the posterior portion of the body. In body shape the members of the pike group are all identical, but the northern pike can be identified from its family members by 3 main features. Most visibly the greenish or yellow-colored sides of the fish are covered with lighter colored oblong horizontal spots or streaks, whereas all other species have darker markings than the background color. The 2nd distinction is the scale pattern on the gill cover and cheek. In the northern pike the cheek is totally scaled, but the bottom half of the gill cover is scaleless. In the larger muskellunge, both the bottom half of the gill cover and the bottom half of the cheek are fully scaled. The 3rd distinctive feature is the variety of pores under each side of the lower jaw; normally 5 in the northern pike (rarely 3,4, or 6 on one side), 6-9 in the muskellunge (hardly ever 5 or 10 on one side), and 4 in the smaller sized pickerels (occasionally 3 or 5 on one side only).
Where to Catch Northern Pike
In North America it is found in the Atlantic, Arctic, Pacific, Great Lakes and Mississippi River basins from Labrador to Alaska and south to Pennsylvania, Missouri and Nebraska, U.S.A.
The following list includes additional details on where to capture this fish:
- CLIFFS AND STEEP SHORE BANKS
- SHORELINE SHALLOWS
- PATHWAYS AND BRIDGES
- FRESHWATER LAKES AND PONDS
- SUNKEN ITEMS
- FRESHWATER WEED BEDS
How to Catch Northern Pike
Pike are usually taken by trolling with big spoons, plugs or natural baits, however casting and still fishing are also often successful.
The following are fishing methods used to capture this fish:
- BAIT CASTING
- SPIN CASTING
- FLY FISHING
Northern Pike Tempts, Tackle & Bait
The following are lures, tackle or bait that can be used to capture this fish:
- SPINNER BAITS